The shift from manufacturing to services is cited as factor
Growth in steel demand is expected to remain subdued in China next year as the government continues to shift its focus from manufacturing to services and steps up environmental protection measures, according to the World Steel Association.
"China's steel demand may remain relatively stable in 2018," says Wang Guoqing, research director at the Lange Steel Information Research Center. "Real estate controls and environmental protection measures have weakened steel demand, despite higher demand due to infrastructure investment and mechanical products associated with the Belt and Road Initiative."
During the first eight months of this year, China's infrastructure investment grew by 19.8 percent year-on-year and is expected to maintain a higher growth rate for the rest of the year.
Domestic demand for steel products in the country is expected to see further growth next year, thanks to the robust development of the economy, says Li Xinchuang, deputy secretary-general of the China Iron and Steel Association, whose opinion differs from that of the World Steel Association.
"Next year will be the first year for the country after the 19th CPC National Congress, which will promote economic growth with all strength, resulting in higher steel demand."
The World Steel Association released its October 2017 Short Range Outlook on Sept 16 and forecast that China's steel demand would increase by 3 percent in 2017, an upward revision over the previous forecast.
Sublime China Information, another steel industry body,has estimated that China's steel consumption will rise by 2 percent this year on better consumption from downstream sectors like nfrastructure, automobiles and machinery.
Automobile sales in the country are expected to reach 29.4 million units this year, up by 5 percent year-on-year.
The World Steel Association expects global steel demand to reach 1,622.1 million metric tons this year and 1,648.1 million tons in 2018. Demand excluding China is expected to rise to 856.4 million tons, up by 2.6 percent, in 2017, and 882.4 million tons, up by 3 percent, next year.
T.V. Narendran, chairman of the Economics Committee of the World Steel Association, says, "We expect global growth to moderate in 2018, mainly due to slower growth in China, while in the rest of the world, steel demand will continue to maintain its current momentum."
Advanced and developing economies are exhibiting stronger economic momentum this year. Confidence and investment sentiment is improving in a large part of the world, despite some financial market volatility and growing concerns of stock market overvaluation, according to the report.